Guide Impala

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A very graceful, rufous-fawn antelope, with white underparts, measuring approximately mm at the shoulders. Rams weigh around 60 Kg and ewes 40 Kg. A black stripe extends from the top of the rump down the back of each thigh. The lower hind legs have glands beneath tufts of black hair. Only the rams have horns which are lyre-shaped, and reach a length of mm.

Diet The Impala is a mixed feeder. It browses on shrubbery and grazes grass on gently undulating or flat terrain. Acacia pods and fruits are taken when available. Breeding Following a gestation period of days single calves are born during early summer. Savanna and light woodland. Impalas are found at grassland and woodland edges, usually very close by water. Grazers and browsers, Impalas eat tender young grass shoots in the wet season and herbs and shrubs at other times. During the dry season they drink daily.

Their social organisation allows impalas to adapt to prevailing environmental conditions. When food is plentiful, the males become territorial. In home ranges averaging 3 square miles, six to eight dominant males set up territories. They stand with erect posture, rub scent from face glands and make dung heaps to mark their territory.

The females form herds of 10 to 50 or more and wander in and out of male territories. If they start to leave the territory, the male tries to herd them back to the centre, or he feigns danger just beyond his boundary by taking a stance normally used as a warning sign. He tries to mate with females in oestrus and defends his territory from challenging males. Bachelor males are allowed to remain in male territories if they ignore the females.

The territorial male's challenger will have worked his way up through the hierarchy of the bachelor group until he becomes the dominant male. He then leaves the group and challenges a territorial male through horn duels. Want to see impala in their natural habitat? In South Africa, find impala in many game reserves and national parks, including All Rights Reserved. Only 38, Impalas were so-equipped, including 1, with the Z24 package, which was carried over from This was the final year for the Impala SS until Unlike the previous two years, the s finally got "Impala" script on the front fenders and interior.

Although sales of Zoptioned Impalas increased to approximately 2, units from the 1, Zoptioned units of , and high-powered big-block V8 engines continued to be available, there would be no Impala SS for The Impala remained Chevrolet's top-selling model with the fifth generation. The redesigned B-body would be the largest car ever offered by Chevrolet. The hardtop Sport Coupe continued to be offered; it was a smoothly sloped semi-fastback reminiscent of the "bubbletop" styling.

A three-speed manual transmission remained standard at the beginning of the year, but in the spring of all V8-equipped full-size GM cars got Turbo Hydra-Matic as standard equipment.

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Powerglide remained optionally available for six-cylinder cars until the models. In keeping with their huge size, these new "B" body Chevrolets were close to Cadillac in luxury features, styling, and ride. Like all GM "B" bodied cars, Impala got a new power ventilation system that remained on while the ignition was on, and included both large vents in the instrument panel and louvers in the trunk. However, the system proved to be problematic and was disliked by many buyers.

The model has a grille which extended below the bumper. Powertrains consisted of mostly V8 engines. The inline six was still standard for Sport Coupe and 4-door sedan models; the 2bbl V8 became the standard engine from —, with cubic inches 5. The best-selling body style was the formal-roof Custom Coupe. Beginning in , all engines were designed to run on unleaded gasoline. All Chevrolet vehicles featured a larger, shock-absorbing front bumper due to new federal mandates which required 5-mile-per-hour 8. New taillights were mounted in the still conventional rear bumper.

The convertible was moved upmarket to the Caprice Classic series. Tweaks to the suspension and frame gave better roadability, according to Chevrolet general manager John Z. Steering wheels and instrument panels were color-keyed to interior colors, as opposed to the matte black used in — The steering wheel rim got a soft-feel grip, and replaced the "Impala" badge with generic "Chevrolet.

Interiors had repositioned front seats for more legroom. The Impala name returned for the Kingswood station wagon. Suspension and chassis design was modified for better roadability.

Johnny Londoff Chevrolet

One thousand Impalas were built with an "Air Cushion Restraint System" ACRS that used an Oldmobile instrument panel and unique steering wheel that contained both a driver and front passenger air bag. They were all four-door sedans painted in a special green-gold color. The system was not advertised in a big way and many of the cars were used for crash testing by both GM and the Federal government. Over the decades the system proved durable and successfully protected front passengers in front-end collisions. Unfortunately Chevy did not offer ACRS in ; however it was offered in Oldsmobile, Buick, and Cadillac models that year as an option and did save lives.

One ACRS-equipped Impala was preserved and remains a witness to the ability of an American automaker to design life saving safety systems into cars without a government mandate. No other examples are known as of this time. In , the rear bumper was redesigned with shock absorbers to meet the upgraded standards and new tail lights were featured. The front end was also freshened as in previous years, with a new grille and headlight bezels, a new header panel, and a bumper with a drop down center section.

The marker lights moved back up beside the headlamps once again.

This was the only year of the — models the Impala had a different front end design than the Caprice Classic, as other years used either a grille insert or previous year Caprice front to distinguish the two. The rooflines of the Impala coupes were also revised. For the Custom Coupe was no longer a hardtop, with large fixed rear quarter glass and a thick B-pillar.

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The Sport Coupe, still a pillar-less hardtop, now used larger roll-down quarter glass like that of the — Custom Coupe, and had a narrower, fastback style, flat back window. Sedans used carryover body shells from previous years. In an unusual styling move, the optional Impala wheel covers for were the same as the Impala's.


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A limited-edition Spirit of America package was offered in on Sport Coupe models; primarily an appearance package, it featured white or blue body paint, a white full vinyl top, white upholstery with red or blue trim, color-keyed seat belts and floormats, special wheel covers, optional white rally wheels , sports-styled dual remote outside rear view mirrors, a vinyl body side molding insert, and red pin-striping. Special fender and dashboard badges announced the package to passers-by and passengers.

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Chevrolet also offered Nova and Vega Spirit of America versions as well. The Impala used a carried-over Caprice front end, with a grille insert and emblem change. The Caprice model was revised with a new front end with a swept back style header panel with recessed headlight buckets, a new hood, and new fenders. Also in upholstery, door panels and the dashboard were revised as were the radio and climate control graphics.

A High Energy Ignition HEI system was officially introduced in , although it was installed on some cars as a clandestine option.


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This was the final year of the full-size Chevrolet convertible. Four-door models got new rooflines; the hardtop Sport Sedan got a small triangular "opera window" carved out of the wide roof panel.

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A Landau model available for — models featured a landau vinyl roof with a chrome band across the roof , a choice of special paint colors, sports-styled dual remote outside rearview mirrors, color-keyed wheel covers, a vinyl bodyside molding insert, and pin-striping. Inside were color-keyed seat belts and floormats.

Fender and dashboard emblems rounded out the package. The 2-door hardtop model dubbed the "Sport Coupe" was discontinued after , leaving redesigned Custom Coupe, with its wide "B" pillar and fixed rear window, the only 2-door Impala available in This body style had been introduced for the model year, a precursor to Detroit's complete abandonment of pillarless body styles before the end of the Seventies.

Impala | National Geographic

The Impala had round headlamps while the Caprice used the new quad rectangular ones. Small-block V8 :. Big-block V8 :.